They certainly are related, a hand of bananas and a hand of plantains. Two of the locally fruit grown in Jamaica and two of the favorites. The banana is boiled when it's green, eater raw when it's ripe and used to make banana fritters and banana bread when they are over-ripe. Whereas the plantain is partially fried when green then crushed and fried again and seasoned with a dash of salt. When the plantain is ripe, it is either fried or boiled. Both the banana and plantain are used to make banana and plantain porridge respectively when they are green.